Grade By Grade Oveview

Standards of Focus

The New York State Next Generation Mathematics Learning Standards of each grade focuses on the following indicators. 

Pre-Kindergarten Overview 

In Pre-Kindergarten instructional leaders focus on developing number sense using concrete objects to master counting cardinally correspondence and comparison. In addition their learning is evident in other domains such as geometry & measurement and data. Students describe positions of objects, identify names of basic two dimensional shapes and recognize them in their daily lives. 

Kindergarten Overview:

In Kindergarten instructional leaders focus on the following domains: counting and cardinality, operations and algebraic thinking, numbers and operations in base ten, measurement and data and geometry. Students are expected to represent, identify and compare numbers and their sequence. Students begin to model operations in math situations that require joining and separating quantities.  

First Grade Overview: 

In First Grade instructional leaders focus on the following domains: operations and algebraic thinking, numbers and operations in base ten, measurement and data.  Students are expected to apply properties of operations as strategies to add and subtract. Students begin to model working with addition and subtraction equations. 

Second Grade Overview:  

In Second Grade instructional leaders focus on the following domains: operations and algebraic thinking, number and operations in base ten, measurement and data and geometry. Students extend their understanding of the base-ten system. Students use their understanding of addition to develop fluency with addition and subtraction within 100. s. 

Third Grade Overview: 

In third grade instructional leaders focus on the following domains: understanding of multiplication and division, developing understanding of fractions, developing the understanding of structure of rectangular arrays and area and describing and analyzing two-dimensional shapes. Students begin to model reasoning abstractly and quantitatively.  Students are expected to solve problems involving the four operations and identify and explain patterns in arithmetic.  

Fourth Grade Overview:

In fourth grade instructional leaders focus on the following domains: developing understanding and fluency with multi-digit multiplication and developing understanding of dividing to find quotients involving multi-digit dividends, developing and understanding of fraction equivalence,  understanding that geometric figures can be analyzed and classified based on their properties. Students are expected to construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others.

Fifth Grade Overview:

In fifth grade instructional leaders focus on the following domains: developing fluency with addition and subtraction of fractions, extending division to two digit divisors, integrating decimal fractions into the place value system and developing understanding of operations with decimals to the hundredths, and developing understanding of volume. Students finalize fluency with multi-digit addition, subtraction, multiplication and division.